The intergenerational transfer of numeracy skills (2013)

Young children’s numerical ability scores were positively associated with their parents’ numeracy levels. 

There are different ways in which home environment can contribute to students’ engagement with maths,  their levels of drive and motivation at school and their beliefs about their abilities as mathematics learners.

One interesting example is the relationship between numeracy and parents’ qualifications. While numeracy and qualifications do appear to be correlated, there is significant variation in numeracy levels among cohort members with low or no qualifications. This suggests that numeracy is developed through a range of activities, not just education, and an individual with no qualifications may still have reasonable or even very good numeracy skills.


The Intergenerational Transfer of Numeracy Skills (2013). 2014.