Attitude – perseverance, motivations, and self-belief – can help to overcome other forms of disadvantage.
As part of the PISA 2012 international comparisons of 15 year olds, the effects of engagement, drive and self-beliefs were also studied. Students’ engagement with school, the belief that they can achieve at high levels, and their ability and willingness to do what it takes to reach their goals not only play a central role shaping students’ ability to master academic subjects, they are also valuable attributes that will enable students to lead full lives, meet challenges and make the most of available opportunities along the way. In other words, much more is required of students and adults than just cognitive proficiency.
OECD. 2013. PISA 2012 Results: Ready to Learn Student’s Engagement, Drive and Self-Beliefs (Volume 3).